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  1. Essential Reading 9 items
    1. Fascism Reader - Aristotle Kallis 2002

      Book Recommended for Purchase

    2. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Recommended for Purchase

    3. History of Fascism 1914 - 1945 - Stanley G. Payne 1996

      Book Essential

    4. Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin - Timothy Snyder 2009

      Book Essential

    5. Hitler's empire: Nazi rule in occupied Europe - Mark Mazower 2009

      Book Essential

  2. 1: Introduction to course/ Fascism: Definitions and Origins 3 items
    1. The Anatomy of Fascism - Robert O. Paxton 2005

      Book Essential Please read the introduction and be able to report on PAxton's definition of Fascism.

    2. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential Read pp. 279-307.

    3. A history of fascism, 1914-1945 - Stanley G. Payne 1996

      Book Essential pp. 71-79.

  3. Week 2: Italian Fascism 3 items
    1. Fascism Reader - Aristotle Kallis 2002

      Book Essential Please read the following Chapters: EM Robertson, ‘Italian Fascism and Racism’, pp. 359-366. Jonathan Steinberg, ‘Partners in Genocide? Anti-Semitism and the Axis Alliance’, pp. 341-348.

    2. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential Read 15-20 and then read some of the speeches and writings by Benito Mussolini in the page range 21-89. Compare and contrast two examples of Mussolini’s writings, thinking about how they enhance our understanding of Italian Fascism and Mussolini’s leadership.

    3. Fascism's European empire: Italian occupation during the Second World War - Davide Rodogno 2006

      Book Background

  4. Week 3: Nazism as Fascism 6 items
    1. Fascism Reader - Aristotle Kallis 2002

      Book Essential please read Michael Burleigh and Wolfgang Wippermann, ‘The “uniqueness” of Nazi racialism’, pp. 332-340, and Mark Neocleous, ‘Racism, Fascism and Nationalism’, pp. 349-358.

    2. Hitler's empire: Nazi rule in occupied Europe - Mark Mazower 2009

      Book Essential Essential Reading: Mark Mazower, Hitler’s Empire (London: Penguin Books, 2008), pp. 581-588.

    3. The Racial State: Germany 1933-1945 - Michael Burleigh, Wolfgang Wippermann 1991

      Book Essential Please read the chapter "The ‘Uniqueness’ of Nazi Racialism"

    4. Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin - Timothy Snyder 2010

      Book Essential Essential Reading: Timothy Snyder, Bloodlands (Bodley Head, 2010), vii-xiv.

    5. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Background

  5. Week 4: Croatian Fascism 3 items
    Essential Reading (in addition to the two articles): Primary documents and objects on the USHMM/Jasenovac website (http://www.ushmm.org/exhibition/jasenovac/frameset.html ). Pick two objects or documents and be prepared to discuss them in relation to this week’s lecture and seminar themes.
  6. Week 6: Fascism in Romania and Hungary 3 items
    1. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential Sections on Romania and Hungary in Roger Griffin, Fascism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 219-223.

  7. Week 7: Fascism in France and Britain 2 items
    1. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential Sections of primary sources for France and Britain in Roger Griffin, Fascism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 173-180 and pp. 197-202.

    2. Fascism Reader - Aristotle Kallis 2002

      Book Essential Essential Reading: Robert Soucy, ‘France: The ‘Second Wave’ of Fascism in the 1930s’, in Aristotle Kallis (ed.) The Fascism Reader (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 232-240. and Essential Reading: Robert O’Paxton, ‘Vichy France: Resistance and Collaboration in the Nazi New Order’, in Aristotle Kallis (ed.) The Fascism Reader (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 414-421. and Essential Reading: Richard Thurlow, ‘Britain: The ‘British Union of Fascists’, in Aristotle Kallis (ed.) The Fascism Reader (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 241-248.

  8. Week 8: Fascism, Modernism and Modernity 4 items
    in addition to essential reading please read: ‘Italian Futurism, 1909-1944: Reconstructing the Universe’ (http://exhibitions.guggenheim.org/futurism/). Use this website to find two examples of Futurist writing or art, and be prepared to discuss how they relate to Italian Fascism.
  9. Week 9: Fascism, Sex and Gender 4 items
    Please read the sources by Benito Mussolini (pp. 58-59) and Paula Siber (pp. 136-137)
    1. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential

    2. Fascism Reader - Aristotle Kallis 2002

      Book Essential

  10. Week 10: Fascism and Collective Memory since 1945 3 items
    In addition to the other titles please read the Interview with Primo Levi published here: https://newrepublic.com/article/119959/interview-primo-levi-survival-auschwitz
  11. Week 11: Post-1945 Right-Wing Extremism 2 items
    1. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book Essential Read Sections on ‘Universal Nazism’, ‘Holocaust denial’, ‘Militant Fascism’ and ‘Electoral Fascism’, pp. 325-333 and pp. 371-387.

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