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  1. Introduction to Criminology 7 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 1: Understanding Crime and Criminology

    2. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. Criminology: theory and context - John Tierney 2009

        Book Background Chapter 1 'Criminology, crime and Deviance' covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the first month of the Module.

      2. A history of British criminology - Rock, Paul Elliott 1988

        Book Background This is quite a lengthy text but is one worth reading to understand the development of criminology and criminological theory.

      3. The Oxford handbook of criminology - Maguire, Mike, Morgan, Rodney, Reiner, Robert 2012

        Book Background Read: 1 'situating criminology: on the production and consumption of knowledge about crime and justice

      4. Cultural theory and popular culture: an introduction - John Storey 2015

        Book Background Chapter 1 provides a general introduction to the subject of popular culture including a useful discussion of the 'ideology' of culture.

  2. Conceptualising Crime & Information Retrieval 5 items
    1. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

      Book Essential Read: What is crime? Contrasting definitions and perspectives

    2. What is critical reading — University of Leicester

      Webpage Essential Critical reading is an important precursor to critical writing. This Study Guide explains why critical reading is important, and gives some ideas about how you might become a more critical reader.

    3. Do you want to know more? 3 items
      1. A suitable amount of crime - Christie, Nils 2004

        Book Background Chapter 1 'crime does not exist' provides a though provoking discussion on the subjective nature of crime. A must read for students who wish to explore social constructionism.

      2. Key readings in criminology - Newburn, Tim 2009

        Book Background Read: 1.1 'what is crime?'& 1.3 'the construction and deconstruction of crime'

      3. The Oxford handbook of criminology - Maguire, Mike, Morgan, Rodney, Reiner, Robert 2012

        Book Background Read: 6 'Legal constructions of crime' and 10 'public opinion, crime, and criminal justise

  3. Historic Conceptions of Crime and Punishment 6 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 2: Crime and Punishment in History

    2. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. The Old Bailey Online

        Website Background The Old Bailey Online contains transcripts of 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court between 1674 - 1913. This is an excellent resource that not only provides access to historic criminal proceedings but also contains a number of very useful articles on crime and crime history

      2. British History in depth: Crime and the Victorians - Clive Emsley 2011

        Webpage Background A useful fact page from the BBC that reviews a number of the topics covered in the lecture.

      3. Crime and society in England, 1750-1900 - Emsley, Clive 2005

        Book Background Emsley is one of the UK's most prominent crime historians and this text provides an accessible and interesting overview of crime and criminal justice during the 17th and 18th centuries. Read: 7 'the criminal class.

      4. Discipline and punish: the birth of the prison - Michel Foucault 1979

        Book Background This is a very challenging book but it is one that I hope all criminology students will read. Foucault is one of the most influential thinkers in the field of the history of control and punishment.

      5. Key readings in criminology - Tim Newburn 2009

        Book Background This text contains two interesting sections on historic attitudes to both crime and punishment. Read: 2.1 'execution and the english people' & 2.5 'the london garrotting panic of 1862'.

  4. Contemporary Conceptions of Crime and Punishment 8 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 17: Late Modernity, Governmentality and Risk

    2. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. Culture, Crime, and Cultural Criminology - Jeff Ferrell 1995

        Webpage Background A brief discussion piece in which the common ground between cultural and criminal practices in contemporary social life is explored.

      2. Cultural theory and popular culture: an introduction - John Storey 2015

        Book Background Chapter 9 reviews the concept of 'postmodernity' that has been central to contemporary presentations of culture.

      3. The vertigo of late modernity - Jock Young 2007

        Book Background An important text from one of the UK's leading Criminologists. Young explores the themes of crime, risk and uncertainty that increasingly characterise postmodern culture.

      4. Living in the world risk society - Ulrich Beck 08/2006

        Article Background in this article Beck expands upon many of the ideas outlined in 'the Risk Society'. Beck argues that we must distinguish between ecological and financial dangers, which can be conceptualized as side effects, and the threat from terrorist networks as intentional catastrophes; the principle of deliberately exploiting the vulnerability of modern civil society replaces the principle of chance and accident.

      5. Learn Liberty | Liberty & Security

        Webpage Background How should we think about the tradeoff between liberty and security? Prof. James Otteson of Yeshiva University argues that a basic amount of security is critical to protect our lives, liberty, and property. Beyond this minimal amount, there is a tradeoff between liberty and security. this is one of a series of webinars from the Learn Liberty project.

      6. Ulrich Beck: a critical introduction to the risk society - Gabe Mythen 2004

        Book Background Beck's 'The Risk society' is a must read for students interested in the rise of both risk and penal popularism within contemporary society. This reader provides an accessible introduction to a complex topic area.

      7. Drift: A Criminology of the Contemporary Crisis - Jeff Ferrell 2015

        Article Background In this article Jeff Ferrell outlines his conception of drift and drifters from a cultural perspective.

  5. Measuring Crime & Introduction to Author-Date Referencing 8 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 3: Crime Data and Crime Trends.

    2. Author-date (Harvard) — University of Leicester

      Webpage Essential The Author-date (Harvard) system is comprised of 2 elements: in-text citation and a bibliography at the end of the document. This is the reference system you will use for all your Criminology assignments.

    3. Do you want to know more? 6 items
      1. Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester

        Webpage Essential This study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing.

      2. Criminology: theory and context - John Tierney 2009

        Book Background Chapter two provides a detailed commentary on crime measures and a useful discussion on the 'dark figure' of crime.

      3. The Crime Survey for England and Wales

        Webpage Background The Crime Survey for England and Wales (formerly British Crime Survey) asks people aged 16 and over living in households in England and Wales about their experiences of crime in the last 12 months

      4. The Oxford handbook of criminology - Maguire, Mike, Morgan, Rodney, Reiner, Robert 2012

        Book Background Chapter: 8 'criminal statistics and the construction of crime' provides a useful review of some of the key issues when attempting to quantify crime.

      5. UK Home Office - Statistics

        Webpage Background An excellent source for official data on reported and recorded crime

      6. Crime Statistics: An independent review - Adrian Smith 2006

        Document Background Although this review is over 10 years old the issues identified by the author remain relevant to contemporary discussions of crime data.

  6. Criminological Methods & Academic Writing 7 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 37: 'Understanding Criminological Research'.

    2. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. The Unconventional Methods of Cultural Criminology - Stephanie C. Kane 08/2004

        Article Background This article explores the dilemmas of 'doing' criminology and the importance of reading criminology through culture. Drawing from the author’s research, it presents three tropes of culture-work on crime (village, city street and media), attending to the implications of the observer’s documentary presence.

      2. Criminological Research: Understanding Qualitative Methods - Lesley Noaks, Emma Wincup 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book Background For students who wish to know more about the methods available to criminologists this text provides a good overview of the key methodologies.

      3. Hiding in the light: graffiti and the visual. 2009

        Article Background A good introduction to visual criminology by the Cultural Criminologist Jeff Ferrell.

      4. Entering the Maze: Space, time and exclusion in an abandoned Northern Ireland prison - Theo Kindynis, Bradley L. Garrett 04/2015

        Article Background An interesting is somewhat controversial approach to research is outlined in this article. Following an autoethnographic account of the authors’ trespassing in the abandoned Maze Prison in Northern Ireland the article discusses the blurred line between research and lived experience.

  7. Media Representations of Crime and Justice 1 & 2 6 items
    This selection of readings covers the two weeks of lectures we will be devoting to the topic of media presentation and media effect.
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read Chapter 4: Crime and the Media.

    2. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. BBC News - Home

        Webpage Background The BBC news website, along with other media outlets, provides an up-to-date source of crime related news items

      2. Media and crime - Jewkes, Yvonne 2010

        Book Background Jewkes is a leading scholar in media studies and her textbook provides a good introduction to the topic of crime and the media. Chapter 2 'The Construction of Crime News' gives a very good overview of the concept of newsworthiness.

      3. Crime and media: a reader - Chris Greer 2010

        Book Background An excellent textbook covering all of the key issues and debates discussed in the lectures.

      4. Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal

        Journal Background This Journal is dedicated to exploring issues surrounding the media, crime and criminal justice. This is an excellent source of articles across a wide verity of subjects.

  8. Representing Criminal Justice 9 items
    1. Representations of Prison in Nineties Hollywood Cinema: From Con Air to The Shawshank Redemption - Sean O'Sullivan 11/2001

      Article Essential After a brief review of some of the existing literature this article undertakes an analysis of four significant ‘prison films’. It is concluded that, with respect to film, the notion of challenging media misrepresentations of prisons and prisoners is problematic.

    2. From reel to ideal: The Blue Lamp and the popular cultural construction of the English 'bobby' - E. McLaughlin 01/03/2005

      Article Background Using the Ealing Studios film The Blue Lamp (1950) this article considers the shifting portrayal of the English police officer within the popular cultural imagination and how this has impacted upon attitudes to the police and their place within notions of ‘Englishness’.

    3. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. Reel life after prison: Repression and reform in films about release from prison - J. Bennett 01/12/2008

        Article Background This article examines the representation of release from prison in popular films. The article explores how prison films generally reflect and reinforce conventional views about crime and punishment, and in release from prison films this is seen in the predominant representation of violent, unreformed criminals being released from prisons to offend again.

      2. Imagining Prison: Culture, History and Space - Eamonn Carrabine 2010

        Article Background This article explores the diverse ways in which stories of prison and punishment have been told in the literary and visual arts.

      3. Images of incarceration: representations of prison in film and television drama - David Wilson, Sean O'Sullivan, Prison Film Project 2004

        Book Background An excellent overview of many of the themes covered in the lecture. A useful comparison between UK and US prison imagery is provided in Chapters 2,3 and 4.

      4. Projecting the prison: The depiction of the uncanny in The Shawshank Redemption - Michael Fiddler 08/2007

        Article Background This article explores a dramatic representation of the prison (The Shawshank Redemption) through the lens of Freud's (1919/1955) notion of the uncanny and Bachelard's (1958/1994) poetics of domestic space. Incarceration, as depicted in film and television, reinforces the `place myths' of the prison (Shields, 1991). Contemporary prison drama portrays the prison as a marginal space in much the way that the Gothic façades of the 19th-century prison projected a particular message.

      5. 'What Next, Dwarves?': Images of Police Culture in Life on Mars - J. Garland, C. Bilby 01/08/2011

        Article Background This article addresses the nature of police television dramas through an in-depth analysis of the characters and plotlines of the BBC show Life on Mars. It assesses how the series compares and contrasts with other cop shows such as The Sweeney and The Wire and questions whether the fictional representations of police and society in Life on Mars are indicative of what criminologists know about police culture from the 1970s onwards.

      6. Beyond Dixon of Dock Green: early British police series - Susan Sydney-Smith 2002

        Book Background A detailed review of 'early' representations of the police and policing. This text adds to the information provided in 'from reel to ideal'.

  9. Representing Terror 7 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read 'Representing Terror' from Chapter 4.

    2. Modern serial killers - Kevin D. Haggerty 08/2009

      Article Essential A useful argue that looks at the topic of serial murder from a cultural perspective. The author's arguments regarding the mass media and the consumption of crime are relevant to many of the issues we have discussed thus far in the Module.

    3. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. Terror post 9/11 and the media - David L. Altheide 2009

        Book Background Chapter's 5 and 8 explore the construction of terrorism and the narratives of the 'terrorist other'.

      2. Media wars: news at a time of terror - Danny Schechter c2003

        Book Background A must read for students interested in the complex relationship between the media and terrorism. Taken from a cultural perspective the role of the media in the reporting, constructing and deconstructing of terrorism is explored through news, film and music.

      3. Natural Born Celebrities: Serial Killers in American Culture - David Schmid 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book Background An engaging look at the construction of the serial killer within mainstream American popular culture.

      4. The Changing Face of Evil in Film and Television - Martin F. Norden 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Background An informative collection of essays on the theme of the representation of 'evil' in the media.

  10. Demographics of Crime: Age 7 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 30 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

      Book Essential Read chapter 14 and 17 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    3. Do you want to know more? 5 items
      1. Crime and inequality - Grover, Chris 2008

        Book Background This book examines the link between offending behaviour and inequality, including antisocial behaviour.

      2. The exclusive society: social exclusion, crime and difference in late modernity - Young, Jock 1999

        Book Background This text looks at exclusion: economic exclusion from the labour market; social exclusion between people in civil society; and the ever-expanding exclusionary activities of the criminal justice system.

      3. Young people, crime and justice - Roger Burke 2008

        Book Background This book examines young people, crime and justice.

      4. Crime, abuse and the elderly - Brogden and Nijhar 2000

        Book Background This book looks at old people both as victims of crime, but also as perpetrators of crime.

      5. Does the Study of the Age-Crime Curve Have a Future? - Rolf Loeber

        Chapter Background This chapter considers the properties of the age-crime curve and the risk factors underpinning offending.

  11. Demographics of Crime: Gender and Sexuality 9 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 33 This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Handbook of LGBT communities, crime, and justice - Dana Peterson, Vanessa R. Panfil 2014

      Book Essential Read chapter 2: ‘Queering Criminology’’: Overview of the State of the Field This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture. on sexuality and crime.

    3. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

        Book Background Read chapter 15 - This chapter provides a useful follow on from the Newburn chapter.

      2. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 9 - This chapter provides a useful follow on from the Newburn chapter and the chapter recommended in Hale et al. 2013.

      3. Gender and crime: critical concepts in criminology - Walklate, Sandra 2012

        Book Background This reference consists of four volumes, which focus on the nature of the feminist challenge and the criminological response to it. Volume I (Sex and Crime or Gender and Crime?), Volume II (Gender, Crime, and Criminal Victimization), Volume III (Gendered Experiences of the Criminal-Justice Process), Volume IV (Gender, Crime, and Punishment). You are not expected to read all 4 volumes. Instead, feel free to select the relevant volumes and chapters for reading around the topics covered in the lectures.

      4. Gender, crime and victimisation - Davies, Pamela 2011

        Book Background Adopting a feminist perspective this book focuses on the processes of criminalization and social control, and their structural biases, while also exploring fears, anxieties, and worries about crime, as well as particular vulnerabilities to crime.

      5. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people (LGBT) and the criminal justice system - Charlotte Knight, Kath Wilson 2016

        Book Essential This book explores the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) communities as victims, offenders and staff within the criminal justice system.

      6. Transgender Victims and Offenders: Failures of the United States Criminal Justice System and the Necessity of Queer Criminology - Carrie L. Buist, Codie Stone 2014-3

        Article Background This article examines the experiences of transgender people within the criminal justice system as both victims and offenders.

      7. Just boys doing business?: men, masculinities and crime - Newburn, Tim, Stanko, Elizabeth Anne 1994

        Book Background This book examines masculinities and crime including law enforcement/policing, prisons, violence against women, homicide, white-collar crime, and male victimisation.

  12. Demographics of Crime: Race and Ethnicity 8 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 32 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

      Book Essential Read chapter16 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    3. Do you want to know more? 6 items
      1. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 8 - This chapter provides a useful follow on from the Newburn chapter and the chapter recommended in Hale et al. 2013.

      2. Understanding race and crime - Webster, Colin Scott 2007

        Book Background This book provides a comprehensive and easily accessible introduction to the debates and controversies about race, crime and criminal justice. It relates to many of the issues covered in the lecture.

      3. Race, Ethnicity and Crime - Dianne Williams 2011

        Book Background This book focuses on race and ethnicity issues in the USA, including issues of gender and minorities with regard to victimization, especially as it relates to the Criminal Justice System, the Media and the Death Penalty.

      4. Young Black People and the Criminal Justice System - Home Affairs Committe

        Document Background This is a Home Affairs Committee report on Young Black People and the Criminal Justice System in the UK. It provides a comprehensive overview including facts and figures, pertaining to these issues.

      5. Racism, crime and justice - Bowling, Benjamin, Phillips, Coretta 2002

        Book Background This book focuses on a range of issues including the influence of race in determining the extent and nature of crime/offending and victimisation, the prison population, court decisions, the behaviour of the police, and explores the options open in seeking to combat discrimination on racial grounds within the criminal justice system following the findings of the Lawrence Inquiry.

      6. Covering Victims in the News: What Makes Minority Homicides Newsworthy? - Jeff Gruenewald, Steven M. Chermak, Jesenia M. Pizarro 10/2013

        Article Background This article discusses newsworthiness in relation to homicide and how the victim's gender and race/ethnicity might effect newsworthiness.

  13. Forms of Crime and Everyday Life 9 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 21 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Crime and everyday life - Felson, Marcus, Boba, Rachel Louise 2010

      Book Essential This book covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture and reiterates some of the information cited in Newburn.

    3. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

        Book Background Read chapter 9 and 18 - These chapters cover many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

      2. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 12 and 23 as well as the chapters on violence in section 3

      3. Street crime - Hallsworth, Simon 2005

        Book Background This book examines street crime as a moral panic.

      4. The meanings of violence - Stanko, Elizabeth Anne 2003

        Book Background This book examines different forms of violence including prostitute and client violence, young people's violence, violence in bars and nightclubs, in prison and racist and homophobic violence. It locates the meaning of violence within social contexts, identities and social divisions.

      5. ASBO nation: the criminalisation of nuisance - Squires, Peter 2008

        Book Background This text examines a range of different forms of antisocial behaviour, from alcohol and drug use to antisocial behaviour among ethnic minority populations and prostitution/sex work.

      6. Equity, justice and the crime drop: the case of burglary in England and Wales - James Hunter, Andromachi Tseloni 12/2016

        Article Background This articles looks at burglary and the extent of burglary falls, changes in the victimisation divide across socio-economic (population) groups.

      7. Violent Night Urban Leisure and Contemporary Culture - Winlow and Hall 2006

        Book Background This is an ethnographic study of violence in the Night Time Economy and why cities are taken over by young people in search of alcohol, drugs, another club or a fight.

  14. Deviant Leisure 9 items
    1. The New Politics of Leisure and Pleasure - Dr Bramham, Peter, Professor Wagg, Stephen, SpringerLink (Online service) 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential This book contains chapters on distinct areas of leisure, from alcohol and intoxication to adult-sex.

    2. Deviant leisure: A criminological perspective - Oliver Smith, Thomas Raymen 11/08/2016

      Article Essential This article is essential reading since it outlines the new deviant leisure perspective proposed by Smith and Raymen.

    3. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 22 - This chapter examines drug use, and provides an accessible overview of drug use.

      2. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

        Book Background Read chapter 8 - This chapter examines drug use, and provides an accessible overview of drug use.

      3. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 13 - This chapter explores cultural criminology, ultra realism and deviant leisure providing a short, accessible overview of each theoretical perspective.

      4. Contemporary Adulthood and the Night-Time Economy - Oliver Smith 2014

        Book Background This book examines alcohol, consumption and leisure in the Night Time Economy.

      5. What’s Deviance Got to Do With It? Black Friday Sales, Violence and Hyper-conformity - Thomas Raymen, Oliver Smith 03/2016

        Article Background This article looks at the new criminological perspective deviant leisure in relation to the Black Friday Sales.

      6. Bars, drugs and football thugs: Alcohol, cocaine use and violence in the night time economy among English football firms - T. C. Ayres, J. Treadwell 01/02/2012

        Article Background This article uses ethnographic data to illustrate alcohol and cocaine fueled violence by football hooligans in the Night Time Economy.

      7. Beyond the binge in booze Britain: market liminalization and the spectacle of binge drinking 01/09/2007

        Article Background This article examines the phenomenon of binge drinking in the Night Time Economy. Hayward has also written an article on chavs.

  15. Crimes of the Powerful 9 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 19 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

      Book Essential Read chapter 11 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    3. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Background Read chapter 19 and 32

      2. Ethics and the Crimes of the Powerful - Vincenzo Ruggiero 02/2015

        Article Background

  16. Serious and Organised Crime 23 items
    1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

      Book Essential Read chapter 20 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

    2. Do you want to know more? 7 items
      1. The problem of crime - Muncie, John, McLaughlin, Eugene, Open University, Open University 2001

        Book Background Read: 'good or bad business? exploring corporate and organised crime'

      2. Transnational organised crime and terrorism: different peas, same pod? - Helena Carrapico, Daniela Irrera, Bill Tupman 02/10/2014

        Article Background

    3. Cybercrime and Social Media 7 items
      1. Criminology - Chris Hale, Keith Hayward, Azrini Wahidin, Emma Wincup 2013

        Book Essential Read chapter 12 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

      2. Do you want to know more? 6 items
    4. Environmental Criminology 8 items
      1. Criminology - Tim Newburn 2017

        Book Essential Read chapter 35 - This chapter covers many of the issues we will be discussing in the lecture.

      2. The Oxford handbook of criminology 2017

        Book Essential Read chapter 14

      3. Do you want to know more? 6 items
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